In India there is a family of closely related languages known as Dravidian languages and hindi to english translation app. Its several dozen languages are mainly spoken in the far south of India, but some Dravidian languages are found in central India, and one language, Brawi, is found in Pakistan and the adjacent territories of Iran and Afghanistan. This most likely indicates that the Dravidian tribes who appeared on the Indian subcontinent before the Indo-Aryans occupied a larger territory earlier, or at least passed through the northwest subcontinent in their southward migration. The total number of the Dravidian language speakers at the moment exceeds 200 million people, with over 90% of this number in the “Big Four” – Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam and Kannada, which have more than a thousand-year-old writing and literary traditions (the earliest Tamil monuments date back to the 2nd-1st centuries BC.) and the status of official languages of the South Indian states Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka, respectively. Among Dravidian nowadays also belongs to the Elam language (in this case Braui seems to be an intermediate link between Elam and other Dravidian languages), and, with a little less certainty (in connection with the worse state of deciphering of the preserved monuments), the “proto-Indian” language of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa cultures in the Indus Valley.

The Dravidian family has been studied comparatively since the middle of the last century, and new, more comprehensive studies are now underway in India. The first comparativist works hypothesized a genetic connection between Dravidian languages and Uralic languages, which is still considered plausible; moreover, Dravidian languages are confidently classified as part of the Nostratic superfamily.

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